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The textile and chemical fiber industry urgently needs to restructure the industrial chain

the textile industry is one of the largest traditional industries in Jiangmen. In the first quarter of this year, the added value of the textile industry fell by 13.8%, which is accused of dragging down the economy of Jiangmen. Among the six traditional industries in Jiangmen, the textile industry has caused two times of purification. The textile industry is a labor-intensive and foreign dependent industry, and the transformation is particularly urgent. In 2010, Jiangmen Municipal Bureau of statistics conducted a thorough investigation, and Zhejiang University successfully extracted and decoded the neural signals of monkey brain about grasping, hooking, grasping and pinching four kinds of gestures, released the development report of clothing industry and the development report of textile industry, and put forward many suggestions on the road of industrial transformation and upgrading. Unfortunately, these suggestions did not make the industry reproduce the glory of the 1980s. Some entrepreneurs described that over the past 20 years, the textile and chemical fiber industry in Jiangmen has been declining, and now the river is declining, either transferring or disappearing. What is the crux of the development of textile industry

trend for 20 years, from glory to decline

textile clothing is an industry that started earlier in Jiangmen, and its total output value once ranked first in all industries in the city in the 1990s. Since the reform and opening up, relying on the geographical advantages adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao and rich overseas Chinese resources, a large number of enterprises have invested in Jiangmen. Qiu Dehou, chairman of the board of shareholders of Guangdong Caiyan Co., Ltd. In the past 20 years, he has witnessed the changes of Jiangmen textile and chemical fiber industry from glory to decline

because of its geographical advantages, Xinhui had textile in the Northern Song Dynasty, and it began to develop rapidly in the 1970s, forming a perfect industrial chain from spinning to weaving, dyeing and finishing. Among the top 10 group companies that have emerged in Xinhui, 7 are related to chemical fiber textile. At that time, this industry accounted for more than half of the tax revenue of Xinhui. Qiu Dehou said

however, after the glory of the 1990s, industrial development began to decline. According to the statistics from 2006 to 2012, the output of cloth, clothing, chemical fiber, yarn and other products related to Jiangmen textile and chemical fiber industry is declining, showing negative growth for many times in the past seven years. Last year, among the output of major industrial products in Jiangmen, the output gap of clothing was the largest, showing a negative growth of 40.4%, while the industrial added value of the entire textile industry fell by 5.3%

it can't be simply said to decline, but the river is declining. Qiu Dehou seemed helpless. In fact, this problem began to appear 20 years ago. I keep mentioning it, and it hasn't been solved yet. He analyzed that the emergence of this problem stems from the fracture of the industrial chain. Chemical fiber textile includes polymerization, spinning, weaving, dyeing and finishing, and garment making. The dyeing and finishing process requires a lot of water. Why the textile industry in Jiangmen area used to be so brilliant is also due to the rich freshwater resources here. However, since 1992, the dyeing and finishing process was difficult to operate because industrial water was too expensive. If the industrial chain in the middle is broken, it will immediately affect the upper and lower processes, and then the whole industry will decline

it is reported that at present, the cost of industrial water only costs a few cents, but it costs a few yuan a ton to the enterprise. Because the cost is too high, many dyeing and finishing enterprises can't do it, and almost all of them have died out. Qiu Dehou used intermediate infarction to describe the disconnection of the industrial chain. In his view, the most important thing for the development of the industry is to solve the problem of water price. He said that the relevant proposal was first put forward in 1993, and it was not until 2003 that a bill was formed in the National People's Congress. Now it is being implemented. However, even if this work is done, whether the water price can be reduced is still a problem

will the status quo either shift or disappear

in 2010, when investigating the textile industry, Jiangmen said that textile exports will enter the era of quota free, exports will improve, and domestic demand will further expand. Therefore, it is suggested to take the international advanced model as the direction of industrial transformation; Take the upgrading of technical equipment as the support of industrial upgrading; To cultivate brand advantages as the goal of industrial upgrading

however, after the rupture of the textile industrial chain in the 1990s, a number of textile and chemical fiber enterprises in Jiangmen were gradually eliminated. At the same time, some enterprises chose to find another way to transfer their production bases. The visit found that many textile enterprises now said it was difficult to do so. The relevant person in charge of a textile enterprise in Jianghai district has repeatedly said that the entire textile industry is not easy to do. The enterprise plans to carry out the technical transformation of sewage treatment supporting facilities and production equipment, but the project construction has not yet started due to various reasons

the water price will not drop significantly, and it will not be saved. Many factories are at a loss, but anyway, the equipment has been put into production, and depreciation is also required if it is not produced. If you don't do it, you will lose even more. Qiu Dehou said that many textile enterprises are not transforming, but transferring, either transferring or dying. The purpose of textile enterprises' transfer is mainly in the Yangtze River Delta. The environmental protection concepts of the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta are different. The Yangtze River Delta believes that how and where to discharge pollutants is the key; The Pearl River Delta emphasizes energy conservation and emission reduction, and believes that there are too many emissions now, requiring some backward industries to be transferred to backward areas such as western and northern Guangdong

from January to April, our sales increased by 14% compared with the same period last year, because we developed emerging markets. If it weren't for water, we would develop rapidly. Qiu Dehou said that compared with the difficult crawling on the side of Jiangmen, the output value of his company's Shanghai base has increased significantly every year

explore the way, increase technological transformation and restructure the industrial chain

in view of the transformation and upgrading of the textile and chemical fiber industry, Jiangmen's current development idea is to increase the intensity of high-tech transformation and develop a modern textile industry system with advanced technology, leading fashion and strong employment ability. Focus on the development of chemical fiber, textiles, clothing, high-grade clothing fabrics and clothing accessories and other industries. Actively promote the extension of textile and garment industry to garment (ready to wear) manufacturing, and form a textile and garment industry chain of raw chemical fiber weaving, knitting, printing and dyeing clothing. At the same time, we will speed up the development of waste free foam granulators, which are limited to the use of textile, feather yarn, adhesive lining and other accessories, as well as zippers, buttons, accessories, sewing threads and other accessories. Vigorously develop high-end clothing fabrics that replace imports, take jeans as a breakthrough, combine introduction with transformation, vigorously develop woven clothing, knitted clothing, shoes and hats, clothing and other products, and use garment manufacturing to drive the development of weaving, printing and dyeing, knitting, spinning, chemical fiber and raw material industries, so as to realize a virtuous cycle of upstream and downstream industries. Increase efforts to support product design and brand building, and strive to create new advantages in the development of Jiangmen chemical fiber textile industry

however, Jiangmen Textile Association believes that in the situation of industrial downturn, to promote transformation and upgrading, we must first effectively reduce the tax burden and various miscellaneous expenses of enterprises, and then support enterprises to improve their level through the introduction of automation and information technology through supporting policies. Government support policies seem to be many, but they do not fall into place. Instead, enterprises are very worried about the pressure and burden from tax, environmental protection, fire protection and other departments

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